“We have but one rule - that every student must be a gentleman.”
— Robert E. Lee
A Time of Transition: The Search for a New President

A Time of Transition: The Search for a New President

By Ben Whedon For a multitude of students, the Spring Term of 2015 was a unique yet exciting year-end adjust­ment. New and returning students alike faced the intriguing shift from taking four full classes to a single, intensive course. In the midst of this turbulent yet invigorating stage of the academic year came the announcement of Kenneth P. Ruscio’s departure, Wash­ington and Lee’s President since 2006. In an email to the student body, Ruscio reflected on his time at Washing­ton and Lee and what has changed during his tenure. In his nine academic years as Pres­ident, the school faced several public controversies such as the debate over Lee Chapel’s battle heraldry, the punishment of two fraternities, and the creation of mandatory third year housing.

Despite a few controversial decisions, President Ruscio’s positive impact on our campus cannot be ignored. The comple­tion of the $500 million capital campaign, the restoration of the Colonnade, and the cre­ation of the Mudd Center for Ethics and the Global Learn­ing Center are just some of the many positive develop­ments on campus which President Ruscio has over­seen. Over Parents Weekend I had the pleasure of attending the Presidential Gala, where I heard him speak on the issue of his successor. Though Ruscio himself plays no part in the search for the school’s next president, he emphasized that W&L faces a chang­ing world and that our choice of new leadership will be one of self-definition for many years to come.

Many in the community mistakenly believe that the President is an omnipotent figure, the person from which all University policy ultimately originates. How­ever, the President’s actual duties are far less dramatic in practice. Although the chief executive officer of the corporation, the President is ultimately answer­able to the Board of Trustees. As per the University by-laws, the Board may at any time demand that the President account for the status of all university op­erations. His proposed operating budget is also sub­ject to the full scrutiny of the Board. All appointments resulting in tenure are ultimately subject to the ap­proval of the trustees. The President is by no means an autocrat; there are legitimate checks on his authority.

The prerogative of the President is unfortunately stat­ed in rather vague terms. The University by-laws offer the following statement on the role of the President: “The President shall in general oversee, supervise, and direct the policies and development of the University as prescribed by the Board and shall have primary responsibility to the Board in all areas of the Univer­sity’s work not otherwise assigned by the Board. He or she may from time to time delegate to the other of­ficers of the Corporation, the administrative staff, or the Fac­ulty, such portion of his or her duties as deemed appropriate or as the Board may direct.”

These arbitrary and vaguely defined jurisdiction boundar­ies for the office leaves a lot of room for interpretation. There is little consensus on the pre­cise role of the President. To gauge opinion on this issue, The Spectator sent a survey to the student body in which stu­dents were asked to rank, from a list of duties, the most im­portant aspects of the Presi­dent’s job. Nearly 42% saw the President’s main duty as being a symbolic, public representative of the institu­tion. About 26% saw the office as being primarily ad­ministrative while another 19% viewed the President chiefly as a fundraiser and a representative to the alum­ni. The full results of the survey can be found on the website for The Spectator (click here).

Graph 1

In addition to evaluating these prominent responses, we next asked students what they felt to be the most im­portant qualities the Search Committee ought to look for in a President. On this inquiry, there was a greater consensus. Asked to rank, in order of importance, the qualities needed in W&L’s next President, nearly 60% of students chose either “Respect for the University’s Tra­ditions” or “Personal Connection to the University” as their first choice. When the second through sixth choices were factored in, however, “Administrative Experience” and “Public Speaking Ability” also achieved strong per­formances. Over 85% of students responded that they would prefer a current faculty member or an alumnus over an outside hire. Though these results show a real concern for the practical qualifications of a potential President, it seems clear that the student body also gives priority to the character and traditions of the University.

Graph 2

The selection of a new President is a relatively straightforward process. Article E of the University Charter provides for the appointment of major offices and reads as follows: “The Trustees shall elect one of their own number as presiding of­ficer, with the title of Rector, and shall also elect a President of the University, who shall be President of the Corporation, a Secretary, and a Treasurer of the Corporation, and such other officers, agents, and em­ployees as may be provided for by the by-laws.” Essentially, the Board of Trustees oversees the selection of all major officeholders and is not bound by any codified procedure.

To its credit, the Board of Trust­ees has been remarkably open about the search process, releas­ing periodic email updates to keep the community informed. Early in the process, the full list of Search Committee members was released. It included not only trustees, but faculty members from widely varying depart­ments, including the law school. Moreover, in September the Ex­ecutive Committee President T. Mason Grist was added to this body. This open and inclusive example of public outreach has sparked high approval ratings. Nearly 86% of the students sur­veyed by The Spectator were sat­isfied with the transparency of the Search Committee’s actions. However, our data suggests that this approval does not translate into universal student approval of the process. Several concerns linger among the student body.

As part of its admirable efforts to gauge community opinion for the search, the Com­mittee released a comprehensive survey on the subject. It was sent to current students, faculty and staff mem­bers, alumni, community members, and parents among others. This survey can be found on the W&L website, under the heading “Presidential Search.” While it is re­freshing to see such an active attempt to hear commu­nity voices, the Committee’s hesitance to release its re­sults may warrant some criticism. The survey’s response numbers, which are publicly posted, show a high level of feedback to the survey, certainly enough to validate the responses. Over 89% of students who answered The Spectator’s survey felt that the Committee should release its survey results. So long as our responses are kept anonymous, there is no real reason not to do so.

Beyond the issue of the survey, the student body expressed concern with our representation in this mat­ter. We asked students if they were satisfied with the ap­pointment of the Executive Committee President to the search committee. Just over 38% were content with that action, while the remainder expressed a desire to see more students involved in the process. Though the EC President is elected by the students, many expressed concerns that the student body, diverse in its interests, could not be fully represent­ed by a single individual. It should be noted, however, that most responses ex­pressed approval of the EC President’s involvement and merely desired additional representation. One student proposed that a council of honor students from differ­ent majors be consulted on the search. Another sug­gested the election of student representatives to the Board of Trustees. While a consensus on how to ad­dress the issue is lacking, it is evident that the students remain concerned about the weight their input carries.

Graph 3

Ruscio’s upcoming departure has placed the University once again into a time of transition and uncertainty. It has sparked debate on campus over the role of the President, and by extension the prerequisites of office. Although in the past many such controversies and vital issues have been handled administratively with no great effort made to gauge commu­nity opinion, recent attempts by the Search Committee to do exactly that are cause for optimism. Concerns still linger over the unreleased sur­vey results and a lack of student representation, though it seems the majority of the student body appreciates the opportunity to express their opinions. We, as an in­stitution and a community, now face a decision which will play a part in defining Washington and Lee for years to come. Let’s hope that in their deliberations, the solemnity of this task is not lost on the Search Com­mittee. I, for one, am eager to see what the future holds.

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